Disorders in balance and gait can be due to many different causes, that apart from being due a neurological cause, can also be due to an orthopedic or inner ear damage or from systemic disease.
These different causes that cause a change in posture and movement, instability, clumsiness in walking, numbness, and a deficit in the sensation of the limbs, should be examined by a Neurologist specializing in Movement Disorders.
Forms of gait disorders:
For the diagnosis of balance and gait disorders, the Movement Disorders Neurologist, takes a complete history and performs a comprehensive clinical / neurological examination.
If indicated, the clinical examination is followed by an electromyographic study which will investigate the possible existence of neuropathy or myopathy. Depending on the findings, other, specialized tests may be performed to give the appropriate treatment that will delay the progression of the disease and reduce the symptoms.